Cognition, social cognition, and Self-assessment in schizophrenia: Prediction of different elements of everyday functional outcomes

Juliet Silberstein, Philip D. Harvey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

A growing body of research has shown that two domains of cognition, neurocognition and social cognition, predict different domains of real-world outcomes in people with schizophrenia. Social cognition has been shown to predict social outcomes but not non-social outcomes (e.g. living independently), and neurocognition provides minimal prediction of social outcomes (e.g. interpersonal relationships). The differing predictive value of neurocognition and social cognition has led to an exploration of potential factors that interact with cognition to influence everyday outcomes. Functional skills, negative symptoms, and self-assessment have shown particularly promising relationships with cognitive ability. Several consensus studies have pinpointed valid performance-based assessments. High-contact informant ratings have additionally been shown to be highly accurate. The emerging understanding of divergent patterns of predicting outcomes and reliable assessments present an opportunity to improve treatment targets and real-world outcomes for individuals with schizophrenia. In particular, a recently defined component of metacognition has shown particular promise. Introspective accuracy (IA) addresses how well individuals evaluate their own abilities. Emerging research has found that IA of neurocognitive ability better predicts everyday functional deficits than scores on performance-based measures of neurocognitive skills and has found that IA of social cognition accounts unique variance in real world disability above social cognitive abilities. Intriguingly, IA of neurocognition appears to preferentially predict non-social outcomes while IA of social cognition predicts social outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-93
Number of pages6
JournalCNS spectrums
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Functional Outcome
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social Cognition
  • self-assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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