Cocaine-induced reduction of brain neuropeptide Y synthesis dependent on medial prefrontal cortex

Claes R Wahlestedt, Farouk Karoum, George Jaskiw, Richard Jed Wyatt, Dan Larhammar, Rolf Ekman, Donald J. Reis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Repeated administration of cocaine elicits substantial, long-lasting, but reversible reductions in neuropeptide Y (NPY) and NPY mRNA in the rat cerebral cortex and nucleus accumbens. The NPY reduction appears to be mediated through a decrease in NPY biosynthesis, occurring transneuronally, perhaps in response to changes in synaptic dopamine associated with mesolimbic and mesocortical dopamine neurons. The medial prefrontal cortex appears necessary for maintenance of cocaine's action on this neuronal network since excitotoxic lesions of this area prevented (lesion before cocaine) and reversed (lesion after cocaine) the reductions in NPY elicited by the cocaine. NPY may be a sensitive marker for chronic cocaine use. Its decrease may relate to the anxiety and depression associated with cocaine withdrawal in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2078-2082
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume88
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Neuropeptide Y
Prefrontal Cortex
Cocaine
Brain
Dopaminergic Neurons
Nucleus Accumbens
Cerebral Cortex
Dopamine
Anxiety
Maintenance
Depression
Messenger RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

Cocaine-induced reduction of brain neuropeptide Y synthesis dependent on medial prefrontal cortex. / Wahlestedt, Claes R; Karoum, Farouk; Jaskiw, George; Wyatt, Richard Jed; Larhammar, Dan; Ekman, Rolf; Reis, Donald J.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 88, No. 6, 01.12.1991, p. 2078-2082.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wahlestedt, Claes R ; Karoum, Farouk ; Jaskiw, George ; Wyatt, Richard Jed ; Larhammar, Dan ; Ekman, Rolf ; Reis, Donald J. / Cocaine-induced reduction of brain neuropeptide Y synthesis dependent on medial prefrontal cortex. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1991 ; Vol. 88, No. 6. pp. 2078-2082.
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