Coaching efficacy and exploratory structural equation modeling: A substantive-methodological synergy

Nicholas D. Myers, Melissa A. Chase, Scott W. Pierce, Eric Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this article was to provide a substantive-methodological synergy of potential importance to future research in sport and exercise psychology. The substantive focus was to improve the measurement of coaching efficacy by developing a revised version of the coaching efficacy scale (CES) for head coaches (N = 557) of youth sport teams (CES II-YST). The methodological focus was exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM), a methodology that integrates the advantages of exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) within the general structural equation model (SEM). The synergy was a demonstration of how ESEM (as compared with CFA) may be used, guided by content knowledge, to develop (or confirm) a measurement model for the CES II-YST. A single-group ESEM provided evidence for close model-data fit, while a single-group CFA fit significantly worse than the single-group ESEM and provided evidence for only approximate model-data fit. A multiple-group ESEM provided evidence for partial factorial invariance by coach's gender.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-806
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Categorical data
  • Factorial invariance
  • Geomin rotation
  • Simulation
  • Youth sport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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