Clues that mitochondria are involved in the hair cycle clock: MPZL3 regulates entry into and progression of murine hair follicle cycling

Carina Nicu, Tongyu C. Wikramanayake, Ralf Paus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The molecular nature of the hair cycle clock (HCC), the intrinsic oscillator system that drives hair follicle (HF) cycling, remains incompletely understood; therefore, all relevant key players need to be identified. Here, we present evidence that implicates myelin protein zero-like 3 (MPZL3), a multifunctional nuclear-encoded mitochondrial protein known to be involved in epidermal differentiation, in HCC regulation. By analysing global Mpzl3 knockout (−/−) mice, we show that in the absence of functional MPZL3, mice commence HF cycling with retarded first catagen-telogen transition after normal postnatal HF morphogenesis. However, Mpzl3 −/− mice subsequently display strikingly accelerated HF cycling, i.e. a precocious telogen-to-anagen transition during the second hair cycle, compared to controls, suggesting that MPZL3 inhibits anagen entry. We also show that intrafollicular MPZL3 protein expression fluctuates in a hair cycle-dependent manner. In telogen HFs, MPZL3 is localized to the secondary hair germ, an epicentre of hair cycle regulation, where it partially co-localizes with P-cadherin. In early anagen HF, MPZL3 is localized immediately distal to the proximal hair matrix. These findings introduce the novel concept that mitochondria are more actively involved in hair cycle control than previously recognized and that MPZL3 plays a central role in the HCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1243-1249
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental dermatology
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • hair follicle
  • keratinocytes
  • mice
  • mitochondria
  • regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Clues that mitochondria are involved in the hair cycle clock: MPZL3 regulates entry into and progression of murine hair follicle cycling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this