Measurements taken from the CCGS Pierre Radisson in the North Water Polynya in spring and summer 1998, are used to study the effects of clouds on the longwave and shortwave components of the Arctic surface radiation budget. The clear-sky “baseline” is provided by parametrizations taken from the literature, tuned to the clear-sky measurements taken during the cruise. The effects of clouds are examined in terms of cloud cover, cloud type, solar zenith angle and time of day. A diurnal signal in the cloud cover is found, with minimum values at local noon. The cloud forcing of the surface radiation was found to be mostly negative (i.e., clouds predominantly cool the surface when the sun is in the sky), with strong dependences on the solar zenith angle, cloud amount and whether the sun is obscured by clouds or is in clear sky; the influence of cloud type was secondary to these parameters.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atmospheric Science