The Escherichia coli cca gene which encodes the enzyme tRNA nucleotidyltransferase has been cloned by taking advantage of its proximity to the previously cloned dnaG locus. A series of recombinant bacteriophages, spanning the chromosomal region between the dnaG and cca genes at 66 min on the E. coli linkage map, were isolated from a λ Charon 28 partial Sau3A E. coli DNA library using recombinant plasmids containing regions between dnaG and cca as probes. Two of the recombinant phage isolates, λc1 and λc4, contained the cca gene. A BamHI fragment from λc1 was subcloned into pBR328, and cells containing this recombinant plasmid, pRH9, expressed tRNA nucleotidyltransferase activity at about 10-fold higher level than the wild type control. The cca gene was further localized to a 1.4-kilobase stretch of DNA by Bal31 deletion analysis. The nucleotide sequence of the cca gene was determined by the dideoxy method, and revealed an open reading frame extending for a total of 412 codons from an initiator GTG codon that would encode a protein of about 47,000 daltons. Southern analysis using genomic blots demonstrated that the cca gene is present as a single copy on the E. coli chromosome and that there is no homology on the DNA level between the E. coli cca gene, and the corresponding gene in the Bacillus subtilis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Petunia hybrida, or Homo sapiens genomes. Homology was found only with DNA from the closely related species, Salmonella typhimurium. These studies have also allowed exact placement of the cca gene on the E. coli genetic map, and have shown that it is transcribed in a clockwise direction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology