The nucleotide sequence coding for the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) protein perforin 1 (P1) has been determined and the corresponding protein sequence has been derived. Murine CTL cDNA libraries contained in the vector λgt11 were screened by using a monospecific antiserum to purified P1. Three recombinant phages were isolated and their cDNA inserts were sequenced. The derived protein sequence contains 554 amino acids and displays, as expected, considerable homology with certain functional domains in the complement components C9, C8α, C8β, and C7. The identity of P1 cDNA clones was verified by prokaryotic expression and the reactivities of antisera produced to the expressed proteins. In addition, antisera were produced to two synthetic peptides located in the center and C-terminal portions of P1. All antisera reacted with purified P1. In Northern blot analyses, P1 cDNA probes recognized a 2.9-kilobase mRNA only in CTL. Perforin mRNA was found in all cloned CTL and in all mixed lymphocyte reactions that gave rise to cytotoxic cells. Perforin mRNA was also detected in virus-specific CTL that had been generated in vivo and isolated from liver tissue of mice infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus. The cell-specific expression of perforin is consistent with its postulated role in cytolysis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1989|
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