An eyelid with freshly applied black eyeliner pigment was examined histologically. X-ray microanalysis of the pigment suspension from the manufacturer's vial indicated that its composition was 98% iron and 2% titanium. Transmission electron microscopic examination disclosed that particles were in the extracellular matrix; intracellular particles were not seen. By light microscopy, implant material was detected in various levels of the dermis and was found in dermal lymphatics as well as within and surrounding a hair follicle. Our study suggests that systemic exposure to the implant material is possible and offers explanations for permanent eyelash loss, which we have seen following this procedure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Archives of ophthalmology|
|State||Published - Oct 1985|
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