Background: The site of prostate cancer metastasis is an important predictor of oncologic outcomes, however, the clinicogenomic characteristics associated with the site are not well-defined. Herein, we characterize the genomic alterations associated with the metastatic site of prostate cancer. Methods: We analyzed clinical and genomic data from prostate cancer patients with metastatic disease and known metastatic sites from publicly available targeted sequencing data. Results: Prostate cancer metastasis to the liver versus other sites of metastasis conferred a high hazard for death in patients with metastatic prostate cancer (HR: 3.96, 95% CI: 2.4–6.5, p < 0.0001). Genomic analysis of metastatic tissues of prostate cancer-specific genes demonstrated that liver metastases were more enriched with MYC amplification (29.5% vs. 9.8%, FDR = 0.001), PTEN deletion (42% vs. 20.8%, FDR = 0.005), and PIK3CB amplification (8.2% vs. 0.9, FDR = 0.005) compared to other sites. No point mutations were significantly associated with liver metastasis compared to other metastatic sites. Conclusion: Liver metastases in prostate cancer are associated with poor survival and aggressive genomic features, including MYC-amplification, PTEN-deletion, and PIK3CB-amplification. These findings could have prognostic, treatment, and trial implications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research