Clinical utility of serum 17-hydroxyprogesterone as a marker for medical therapy for male infertility: recommendations based on clinical scenarios

Rohit Reddy, Matthew Mason, Mehul Patel, Ranjith Ramasamy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Traditional serum hormone testing in the evaluation of male infertility consists of testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and estradiol. Based on these values, medical therapy is often initiated in an attempt to increase intratesticular testosterone levels and, in turn, promote spermatogenesis. While this hormone panel provides serum testosterone levels, it does not evaluate intratesticular testosterone, obviously an important factor that is critical for spermatogenesis. 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) is an intermediate in the steroidal pathway of cholesterol to testosterone conversion that has recently demonstrated promise as an accurate serum biomarker for intratesticular testosterone. At present, 17-OHP has not been widely adopted as a clinical tool in the evaluation of male infertility, which likely stems, in part, from a lack of concrete indications for its use. In this review, we present five commonly encountered scenarios of male infertility where the utilization of 17-OHP has aided in the management and provided a more personalized approach to treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Impotence Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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