Clinical translation of cartilage tissue engineering, from embryonic development to a promising long-term solution

Diego Correa, Annie C. Bowles

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Tissue engineering (TE) relies on the elucidation of molecular and physical mechanisms that guide progenitor cells toward desired phenotypes. The resulting differentiated cells, along with tridimensional scaffolds, form a construct that aims at restoring injured tissues. Understanding development processes has provided critical information to improve TE protocols to promote tissue regeneration. Articular cartilage constitutes one of the most challenging tissues to regenerate, in spite of its “simple” structure. The highly specialized chondrocyte presents special challenges in terms of inducing and maintaining its functional phenotype. Nevertheless, significant advances have been made in the field of articular cartilage TE, moving from elusive success to a promising long-term solution. In this chapter, we present challenges and recent advances related with articular cartilage TE. We review various critical factors to move from in vitro to in vivo studies, address the shortcomings, and suggest potential solutions to further preclinical research to clinical feasibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDevelopmental Biology and Musculoskeletal Tissue Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationPrinciples and Applications
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780128114674
ISBN (Print)9780128115381
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Animal models
  • Cell differentiation
  • Cellular phenotype
  • Chondrocytes
  • Chondrogenesis
  • Clinical trials
  • Developmental engineering
  • Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC)
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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