Presentaciones clinicas, diagnostico diferencial y manejo de la paralisis braquial obstetrica

Translated title of the contribution: Clinical presentations, differential diagnosis and management of obstetric brachial palsy

I. Alfonso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. The brachial plexus originates from C5 to T1 spinal segments. The brachial plexus includes the ventral ramus, trunks, divisions, cords and branches. Development and conclusions. Brachial plexus injuries produce clinical syndromes. The Duchenne-Erb syndrome is the most frequent presentation of obstetric brachial plexus injury. The differential diagnosis of brachial plexus palsy include decreased arm movements due to pain, or weakness caused by a lesion of the nervous system outside in the brachial plexus, or by a lesion in the brachial plexus due to non-obstetrical causes. Management of these patients initially includes considering the possibility of clavicular and humeral fractures and posterior subluxation of the shoulder; and subsequently considering the possibilities of subscapularis muscle contraction or posterior shoulder subluxation in patients that develop internal rotation contracture of the shoulder; or flexion, pronation or supination contracture in patients with forearm deformation. Treatment consist of physical therapy, administration of botulinum toxin, electrical stimulation, neurolysis, nervatization, removal of neuromas and nerve grafting, treatment of fractures and subluxation, release of muscle contracture and tendon transplantation.

Translated title of the contributionClinical presentations, differential diagnosis and management of obstetric brachial palsy
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)258-263
Number of pages6
JournalRevista de neurologia
Volume27
Issue number156
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Brachial plexus palsy
  • Erb palsy
  • Newborns
  • Obstetric trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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