Presentaciones clinicas, diagnostico diferencial y manejo de la paralisis braquial obstetrica

Translated title of the contribution: Clinical presentations, differential diagnosis and management of obstetric brachial palsy

I. Alfonso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction. The brachial plexus originates from C5 to T1 spinal segments. The brachial plexus includes the ventral ramus, trunks, divisions, cords and branches. Development and conclusions. Brachial plexus injuries produce clinical syndromes. The Duchenne-Erb syndrome is the most frequent presentation of obstetric brachial plexus injury. The differential diagnosis of brachial plexus palsy include decreased arm movements due to pain, or weakness caused by a lesion of the nervous system outside in the brachial plexus, or by a lesion in the brachial plexus due to non-obstetrical causes. Management of these patients initially includes considering the possibility of clavicular and humeral fractures and posterior subluxation of the shoulder; and subsequently considering the possibilities of subscapularis muscle contraction or posterior shoulder subluxation in patients that develop internal rotation contracture of the shoulder; or flexion, pronation or supination contracture in patients with forearm deformation. Treatment consist of physical therapy, administration of botulinum toxin, electrical stimulation, neurolysis, nervatization, removal of neuromas and nerve grafting, treatment of fractures and subluxation, release of muscle contracture and tendon transplantation.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)258-263
Number of pages6
JournalRevista de Neurologia
Volume27
Issue number156
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

Fingerprint

Brachial Plexus
Paralysis
Obstetrics
Arm
Differential Diagnosis
Arm Injuries
Contracture
Humeral Fractures
Pronation
Supination
Neuroma
Rotator Cuff
Botulinum Toxins
Muscle Contraction
Forearm
Tendons
Nervous System
Electric Stimulation
Therapeutics
Transplantation

Keywords

  • Brachial plexus palsy
  • Erb palsy
  • Newborns
  • Obstetric trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Presentaciones clinicas, diagnostico diferencial y manejo de la paralisis braquial obstetrica. / Alfonso, I.

In: Revista de Neurologia, Vol. 27, No. 156, 01.12.1998, p. 258-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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