Clinical pharmacolinetics of 9, 10-anthracenedicarboxaldehyde-bis [(4,5-dihydro-1 H-imidazol-2-yl)hydrazone]dihydrochloride

Katherine Lu, Niramol Savaraj, Boh Seng Yap, Lynn G. Feun, Theera Umsawasdi, Ti Li Loo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


We studied the clinical pharmacokinetics of the anthracene derivative bisantrene using high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis. We administered the drug to ten patients at 120-250 mg/m2 IV; one of these patients also received a second dose of 120 mg/m2 6 weeks later, and another received 150 mg/m2 weekly for three doses. Bisantrene disappeared from the plasma biphasically, with an initial t1/2 of 0.6±0.3 h and a terminal t1/2 of 24.7±6.9 h after single doses. The apparent volume of distribution according to the area under the curve was 42.1±5.9 l/kg, and the total clearance was 1045.5±51.0 ml/kg/h. The 96-h cumulative urinary excretion was 3.4%±1.1% of the dose; thus, renal excretion was a minor route of elimination for this agent. Bisantrene pharmacokinetics in the patient who received a second dose after 6 weeks showed insignificant changes. However, in the patient who was given this drug weekly for 3 weeks, the plasma t1/2 of the drug during the terminal phase became increasingly longer, while the total clearance was significantly reduced. These results suggest that bisantrene may accumulate in the body and that caution is essential in the event of frequent administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-159
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Chemotherapy And Pharmacology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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