Importance: Pneumatic retinopexy (PR) is the only clinic-based method of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair. Registry-acquired clinical practice setting outcomes data with this procedure have not yet been reported. Objective: To describe the clinical outcomes associated with RRD treated primarily with PR. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective cohort study, data from patients 19 years and older with noncomplex RRD treated at academic and private ophthalmology practices participating in the American Academy of Ophthalmology IRIS Registry (Intelligent Research in Sight) were analyzed. Data were collected from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2019, and data were analyzed from January to December 2020. Exposures: Data from the IRIS Registry were queried for eyes that underwent PR for noncomplex RRD and had at least 3 months of follow-up. Cases were identified by a combination of diagnosis code for RRD and a Current Procedural Terminology code for PR. Main Outcomes and Measures: The number of eyes that achieved single-operation success (SOS), defined as retinal reattachment without a subsequent retinal detachment surgery or repeated PR. Results: Of 9553 included patients, 5827 (61.0%) were male, and the mean (SD) age was 62 (10) years. A total of 9659 eyes were identified. SOS was achieved in 6613 eyes (68.5%). Best-corrected visual acuity significantly differed 9 to 12 months after treatment between the SOS group, with a mean of 0.24 logMAR (95% CI, 0.23-0.25; approximate Snellen equivalent, 20/35), and the single-operation failure group, with a mean of 0.43 logMAR (95% CI, 0.40-0.46; approximate Snellen equivalent, 20/54). Among all patients, the mean time to maximal visual recovery was 268 days (95% CI, 260-276). Endophthalmitis was observed in 3 eyes (0.03%). SOS was associated with female sex (odds ratio, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.38-1.65), while current smoking status was associated single-operation failure (odds ratio, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.68-0.91). Conclusions and Relevance: In this registry-based study, which encompasses a large number of eyes drawn from multiple, heterogenous electronic health record systems, SOS was achieved in 68.5% of eyes with noncomplex RRD treated by primary PR. It is unknown how these outcomes would have compared with other methods of RRD repair in this cohort..
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