Clinical Outcome of Kidney Transplant Patients on the Allograft Function, Loss, Effects of HLA-DQB1-DSA+, and Graft Survival

A. P.L. Cunha, R. A. Fabreti-Oliveira, M. F. Lasmar, J. C. Garcia, T. P. Vilela, E. Nascimento

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Matching for HLA-DQB1 molecules and anti-DQ donor-specific antibodies (DSAs) has been less studied to allocate transplants from deceased donors in developed countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of 519 kidney transplant recipients on the allograft function, loss, and survival and with emphasis on effects of HLA-DQB1-DSA+ at minimum of 10 years’ follow-up. Methods: Five hundred nineteen kidney transplant patients were allocated into 3 groups (G) by immunologic profiles, namely, G1 (SPI-SAB HLA-DQ negative [DQ]), G2 (SPI-SAB HLA-DQ positive DSA negative [DQ+/DSA]), and G3 (SPI-SAB HLA-DQ DSA positive [DQ+ DSA+]), and the outcomes were reported until 10 years after transplantation. Results: The proportion of rejection episodes was higher in G3 (25.0% and 26.32%, respectively) than in G1 (8.63% and 6.82%, respectively) and G2 (10.0% and 0%, respectively; P = .047 and P = .014, respectively). In G3, 3 patients lost their grafts by antibody-mediated rejection. Patients who received kidneys from deceased donors (G3) showed worse graft survival rates than those from G1 donors (P = .001). Patients from G3 had a 2.18-fold higher risk of graft loss than patients from G1 (P = .028). Conclusion: Allograft function was worse in G3 than in G2 or G1, and graft losses were more frequent by T-cell-mediated rejection in G1, and graft losses by antibody-mediated rejection were similar in G1 and G3 due to HLA class I (A1, 11 and B 8, 52) and HLA class II by DR7 and DQ 2, 5, 9 DSA, respectively. Allograft survival decreased in patients with HLA-DQB1 DSA. The risk of graft loss was 1.75-fold that in patients who received transplants from living donors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2188-2196
Number of pages9
JournalTransplantation proceedings
Volume53
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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