Management of the pediatric renal-transplant recipient requires careful pretransplant evaluation including psychosocial assessment and cautious donor/recipient selection. Early transplantation is preferable in infants less than 1 year of age if a suitable live-related donor is available. However, cadaveric-allograft transplantation is best reserved for patients older than 3 years with donors older than 5 years. Pre-emptive transplantation is suitable for approximately one fifth of the population. Medical preparation includes careful HLA-A, -B, and -DR loci matching, interferon treatment for positive hepatitis antigenemia, and acyclovir prophylaxis for a cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibody-negative patient to a seropositive donor. Postoperative management requires close monitoring of the patient' s volume status with careful fluid replacement in the form of colloid and crystalloid. Immunosuppression involves multiple drug regimens that include corticosteroids, ciclosporin, azathioprine, antilymphocyte (or -thymocyte)globulin (ALG/ATG), monoclonal antibodies (OKT3), and a ciclosporin alternative: FK-506. Long-term complications dictate management and are divided into medical, surgical, immune, and infectious categories. These are predominated by treatment of acute and chronic rejection, hypertension, and CMV infection.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Child Nephrology and Urology|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health