Background. The long-term benefits of angioplasty are limited by the occurrence of restenosis. Drug-eluting stents with a projected restenosis rate of close to 0% are soon to become available. The short- and long-term consequences of this advance to the cardiac surgical volume remain unclear. Methods. A total of 196 consecutive coronary angiograms and medical records of patients referred for coronary bypass surgery were reviewed. Considering the hypothetical premise of having drug-eluting stents with a near zero restenosis rate, we reviewed each case to determine if surgical revascularization was still the preferred option for revascularization. Results. The mean age was 60 (±10.6) years. Seventy-two percent of patients were male. Considering the availability of drug-eluting stents 154 (79%) would still have been sent to surgery, representing a 21% decrease in the number of surgical revascularizations. Angiographic characteristics predicting coronary bypass revascularization were the presence of chronic total occlusion (odds ratio [OR]: 9.1; confidence interval [CI]: 2.1 to 39), left main coronary artery stenosis (OR: 9.6; CI: 1.27 to 73), and need for valvular surgery (OR: 7.38; CI: 1.3 to 157). The most common predictors of a change in clinical management from surgical to percutaneous revascularization if drug-eluting stents were available were diffuse coronary narrowing (OR: 15.78), restenotic lesions (OR: 27.86), and small coronary arteries (OR: 26). Conclusions. Drug-eluting stents may have a significant impact on cardiac surgery volume (approximately a 21% decrease in our center). It may also direct patients with small vessels, diffuse narrowing, or restenotic lesions and diabetic patients to percutaneous therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine