Clinical guide to the evidence-based assessment approach to diagnosis and treatment

Eric A. Youngstrom, Sophia Choukas-Bradley, Casey D. Calhoun, Amanda Doss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Assessment plays an essential role in diagnosis, treatment planning, and progress monitoring, but assessment data are often used in ways that are impressionistic and prone to biases. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) principles, underutilized in psychology, can be used to streamline the assessment process and increase the accuracy of conclusions. Using a case example to illustrate the application of each step, this paper outlines a 12-step approach for applying EBM assessment strategies in clinical practice. The initial steps utilize information about clinical base rates, psychopathology risk factors, rating scale scores, and selected in-depth assessment to conduct an iterative, efficient approach to estimating the probability of a given diagnosis until that probability falls into a range suggesting the diagnosis is unlikely to be present, or likely enough to warrant treatment. Once the practitioner and client agree on the treatment plan, subsequent steps monitor progress and outcomes and use that information to make decisions about termination, and then continued monitoring guards against relapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-35
Number of pages16
JournalCognitive and Behavioral Practice
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Clinical decision-making
  • Diagnosis
  • Evidence-based assessment
  • Evidence-based medicine
  • Sensitivity and specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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