Clinical evidence for hepatitis B transmission resulting from corneal transplantation

Richard H. Hoft, Stephen C. Pflugfelder, Richard K. Forster, Saul Ullman, Frank M. Polack, Eugene R. Schiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose. Two cases of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection after penetrating keratoplasty are presented. Methods. An extensive clinical and serologic investigation of these two transplant recipients was performed. In addition, the medical histories, autopsy reports, and specimens of blood from the two deceased corneal tissue donors were retrieved and studied. Results. Serum from both donors was positive for hepatitis B surface antigen; the clinical history and serologic testing of both recipients strongly suggest that the HBV infection in each case was acquired from donor corneal tissue. Conclusion. To our knowledge, these are the first documented cases of HBV infection after corneal transplantation. Eye banks should continue to screen donors for HBV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-137
Number of pages6
JournalCornea
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1997

Keywords

  • Corneal transplantation
  • Donor corneal tissue
  • Eye banking
  • Hepatitis B transmission
  • Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection
  • Keratoplasty
  • Tissue transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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