Climatically sensitive eolian and hemipelagic deposition in the Cariaco Basin, Venezuela, over the past 578,000 years: Results from Al/Ti and K/Al

K. M. Yarincik, R. W. Murray, Larry C Peterson

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Abstract

Al/Ti and K/Al ratios in bulk sediment are used to interpret wind-blown and hemipelagic sources of deposition to a 578 kyr record in the Cariaco Basin, Venezuela (Ocean Drilling Program site 1002). Graphical and cross-spectral analyses indicate that these ratios vary extremely closely with planktonic foraminiferal δ18O, with both ratios being significantly higher during interglacials and lower during glacials. K/Al indicates that during glacials the lower sea level that results in relative basin isolation increases the relative proportion of kaolinite derived from local rivers draining the relatively humid Venezuelan margin. Al/Ti decreases during glacials, suggesting greater proportions of eolian rutile sourced from the northern Sahara (due to increased wind strength and/or aridity). This interpretation is consistent with previous studies of the chemistry and mineralogy of Saharan-derived eolian matter in the Caribbean and with a mass balance determining the effect of changes in eolian rutile accumulation on the bulk sedimentary Al/Ti ratio.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-228
Number of pages19
JournalPaleoceanography
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

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rutile
aridity
Ocean Drilling Program
basin
kaolinite
mass balance
mineralogy
sea level
river
sediment
draining
effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Palaeontology

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Climatically sensitive eolian and hemipelagic deposition in the Cariaco Basin, Venezuela, over the past 578,000 years : Results from Al/Ti and K/Al. / Yarincik, K. M.; Murray, R. W.; Peterson, Larry C.

In: Paleoceanography, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2000, p. 210-228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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