Climate and the collapse of Maya civilization

Larry C. Peterson, Gerald H. Haug

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

During its Classic period (250-950 A.D.), Maya civilization reached a zenith. At its peak, around 750 A.D., the population may have topped 13 million. Then, between about 750 and 950 A.D., their society imploded. The Maya abandoned what had been densely populated urban centers, leaving their impressive stone edifices to fall into ruin. The demise of Maya civilization (which archaeologists call "the terminal Classic collapse") has been one of the great anthropological mysteries of modern times. What could have happened? Scholars have advanced a variety of theories over the years, pinning the fault on everything from internal warfare to foreign intrusion, from widespread outbreaks of disease to a dangerous dependence on monocropping, from environmental degradation to climate change. Some combination of these and other factors may well be where the truth lies. However, in recent years, evidence has mounted that unusual shifts in atmospheric patterns took place near the end of the Classic Maya period, lending credence to the notion that climate, and specifically drought, indeed played a hand in the decline of this ancient civilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages322-329
Number of pages8
Volume93
No4
Specialist publicationAmerican Scientist
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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