Classroom behavior and the academic progress of learning disabled students

James D. McKinney, Deborah L. Speece

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


A total of 43 learning disabled (LD) students who were identified in grades 1-3 were followed up in their second year of special education services. Teachers completed the Classroom Behavior Inventory (CBI) for each LD student and for randomly selected classmates, and both groups of students were observed with the SCAN system in regular classroom settings. Group differences in teacher perceived task orientation, independence, and verbal expressiveness replicated previous findings with the CBI for this LD sample. SCAN observations partially replicated previous results in that LD children interacted with teachers more often than classmates. Multiple regression analyses indicated that both measures of behavior were predictive of reading achievement during year 1 when the LD children were identified, and that the CBI predicted academic progress from one year to the next. Both teacher ratings and observational evidence converged on the importance of task-oriented behavior, independent functioning, and socially appropriate behavior in understanding the poor achievement of LD students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-161
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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