Classification of typical and atypical language network activations using nonlinear decision functions

M. R. Guillen, M. Adjouadi, M. Goryawala, W. Gaillard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Language dominance behavior is identified as typical/atypical based on the asymmetry of the brain activation. Typical language is commonly defined by left brain hemisphere activation dominance during performing language tasks, while atypical language involves either right or both brain hemispheres. Traditionally, the methods used to identify the asymmetry of the brain activation are expert visual assessment and lateralization index (LI) computation. This paper presents a novel application of a supervised learning machine paradigm called Nonlinear Decision Functions (NDF). The merits of this paradigm are exploited on providing an automatic procedure for the identification of typical/atypical language dominance. NDF are invaluable tools for the resolution of real-world problems such as the one addressed in this paper. To identify language behavior, the subject undergoes an fMRI test. The resulting 4-D dataset (3D spatial information plus time series) is processed. Based on statistical and image analyses, a brain activation map (BAM) is generated. A total of 103 fMRI datasets from 5 different hospitals were analyzed, with 64 healthy control (HC) datasets, and 39 LRE datasets. On using NDFs on the basis of the demographics as well as the extent and intensity of these BAMs, the results obtained yielded a sensitivity of 80.6%, a specificity of 70.5%, an accuracy of 97.8% and a precision of 98.2%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication25th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2009
Pages129-130
Number of pages2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event25th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2009 - Miami, FL, United States
Duration: May 15 2009May 17 2009

Publication series

NameIFMBE Proceedings
Volume24
ISSN (Print)1680-0737

Other

Other25th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2009
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMiami, FL
Period5/15/095/17/09

Keywords

  • ADDT
  • Epilepsy
  • FMRI
  • Language Networks
  • LI
  • Medical Imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Classification of typical and atypical language network activations using nonlinear decision functions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this