Class-Selective Detection System for Liquid Chromatography Based on the Streptavidin-Biotin Interaction

Nathaniel G. Hentz, Leonidas G Bachas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A protein binding assay (BA) was coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to provide a highly sensitive postcolumn reaction detection system for the biologically important molecule biotin and its derivatives biocytin, biotin ethylenediamine, 6-(biotinoylamino)caproic acid, and 6-(biotinoylamino)caproic acid hydrazide. This detection system is selective for the biotin moiety and responds only to the class of compounds that contain biotin in their molecules. In this assay, a conjugate of streptavidin with fluorescein isothiocyanate (streptavidin-FITC) was employed. Upon binding of the analyte (biotin or biotin derivative) to streptavidin-FITC, an enhancement in fluorescence intensity results. This enhancement in fluorescence intensity can be directly related to the concentration of the analyte and thus serves as the analytical signal. The HPLC-BA system is more sensitive and selective than either the BA or HPLC alone. With the described system, the detection limits for biotin and biocytin were found to be 97 and 149 pg, respectively. Finally, the analysis of an infant formula and several cell culture media, with little or no sample preparation, demonstrated the analytical utility of this system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1014-1018
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume67
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Streptavidin
Liquid chromatography
Biotin
Assays
High performance liquid chromatography
ethylenediamine
Fluorescein
Fluorescence
Derivatives
Molecules
Cell culture
Culture Media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

Class-Selective Detection System for Liquid Chromatography Based on the Streptavidin-Biotin Interaction. / Hentz, Nathaniel G.; Bachas, Leonidas G.

In: Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 67, No. 5, 1995, p. 1014-1018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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