We report a case of retinal hemorrhages in a baby with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) following examination with indirect ophthalmoscopy and scleral depression. There have been rare reports of examination-induced retinal hemorrhages during ROP screening, although those hemorrhages were diffusely scattered in the posterior pole. In this report the hemorrhages were found on the surface of the neovascular ridge. Changes in intraocular pressure caused by scleral depression may result in rupture of the fragile and immature retinal vessels, which have poor autoregulation in these premature babies. Ophthalmologists performing ROP screening examinations should be aware of the possibility of causing retinal hemorrhages with scleral depression, although the hemorrhages will resolve spontaneously.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health