Circuit training provides cardiorespiratory and strength benefits in persons with paraplegia

P. L. Jacobs, Mark S Nash, Jr Rusinowski J.W.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

120 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

JACOBS, P. L., M. S. NASH, and J. W. RUSINOWSKI, JR. Circuit training provides cardiorespiratory and strength benefits in persons with paraplegia. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 33, No. 5, 2001, pp. 711-717. Purpose: This study tested the safety and the effects of circuit resistance training (CRT) on peak upper extremity cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle strength in chronic survivors of paraplegia due to spinal cord injury. Methods: Ten men with chronic neurologically complete paraplegia at the T5-L1 levels participated in the study. Subjects completed 12 wk of CRT, using a series of alternating isoinertial resistance exercises on a multi-station gym and high-speed, low-resistance arm ergometry. Peak arm ergometry tests, upper extremity isoinertial strength testing, and testing of upper extremity isokinetic strength were all performed before and after training. Results: None of the subjects suffered injury from exercise training. Significant increases were observed in peak oxygen consumption (29.7%, P < 0.01), time to fatigue (P < 0.01), and peak power output during arm testing (P < 0.05). Significant increases in isoinertial strength for the training maneuvers ranged from 11.9% to 30% (Ps < 0.01). Significant increases in isokinetic strength were experienced for shoulder joint internal rotation, extension, abduction, adduction, and horizontal adduction (Ps < 0.05). Conclusion: Chronic survivors of paraplegia safely improve their upper extremity cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle strength when undergoing a short-term circuit resistance training program. Gains in fitness and strength exceeded those usually reported after either arm endurance exercise conditioning or strength training in this subject population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-717
Number of pages7
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume33
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 3 2001

Fingerprint

Resistance Training
Paraplegia
Upper Extremity
Arm
Muscle Strength
Exercise
Survivors
Ergometry
Shoulder Joint
Spinal Cord Injuries
Exercise Test
Oxygen Consumption
Sports
Fatigue
Circuit-Based Exercise
Safety
Education
Wounds and Injuries
Population

Keywords

  • Endurance
  • Exercise
  • Muscular
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Circuit training provides cardiorespiratory and strength benefits in persons with paraplegia. / Jacobs, P. L.; Nash, Mark S; Rusinowski J.W., Jr.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 33, No. 5, 03.05.2001, p. 711-717.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3d7ae3c42aba4705a0dee963c105bec2,
title = "Circuit training provides cardiorespiratory and strength benefits in persons with paraplegia",
abstract = "JACOBS, P. L., M. S. NASH, and J. W. RUSINOWSKI, JR. Circuit training provides cardiorespiratory and strength benefits in persons with paraplegia. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 33, No. 5, 2001, pp. 711-717. Purpose: This study tested the safety and the effects of circuit resistance training (CRT) on peak upper extremity cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle strength in chronic survivors of paraplegia due to spinal cord injury. Methods: Ten men with chronic neurologically complete paraplegia at the T5-L1 levels participated in the study. Subjects completed 12 wk of CRT, using a series of alternating isoinertial resistance exercises on a multi-station gym and high-speed, low-resistance arm ergometry. Peak arm ergometry tests, upper extremity isoinertial strength testing, and testing of upper extremity isokinetic strength were all performed before and after training. Results: None of the subjects suffered injury from exercise training. Significant increases were observed in peak oxygen consumption (29.7{\%}, P < 0.01), time to fatigue (P < 0.01), and peak power output during arm testing (P < 0.05). Significant increases in isoinertial strength for the training maneuvers ranged from 11.9{\%} to 30{\%} (Ps < 0.01). Significant increases in isokinetic strength were experienced for shoulder joint internal rotation, extension, abduction, adduction, and horizontal adduction (Ps < 0.05). Conclusion: Chronic survivors of paraplegia safely improve their upper extremity cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle strength when undergoing a short-term circuit resistance training program. Gains in fitness and strength exceeded those usually reported after either arm endurance exercise conditioning or strength training in this subject population.",
keywords = "Endurance, Exercise, Muscular, Spinal cord injury",
author = "Jacobs, {P. L.} and Nash, {Mark S} and {Rusinowski J.W.}, Jr",
year = "2001",
month = "5",
day = "3",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "711--717",
journal = "Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise",
issn = "0195-9131",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Circuit training provides cardiorespiratory and strength benefits in persons with paraplegia

AU - Jacobs, P. L.

AU - Nash, Mark S

AU - Rusinowski J.W., Jr

PY - 2001/5/3

Y1 - 2001/5/3

N2 - JACOBS, P. L., M. S. NASH, and J. W. RUSINOWSKI, JR. Circuit training provides cardiorespiratory and strength benefits in persons with paraplegia. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 33, No. 5, 2001, pp. 711-717. Purpose: This study tested the safety and the effects of circuit resistance training (CRT) on peak upper extremity cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle strength in chronic survivors of paraplegia due to spinal cord injury. Methods: Ten men with chronic neurologically complete paraplegia at the T5-L1 levels participated in the study. Subjects completed 12 wk of CRT, using a series of alternating isoinertial resistance exercises on a multi-station gym and high-speed, low-resistance arm ergometry. Peak arm ergometry tests, upper extremity isoinertial strength testing, and testing of upper extremity isokinetic strength were all performed before and after training. Results: None of the subjects suffered injury from exercise training. Significant increases were observed in peak oxygen consumption (29.7%, P < 0.01), time to fatigue (P < 0.01), and peak power output during arm testing (P < 0.05). Significant increases in isoinertial strength for the training maneuvers ranged from 11.9% to 30% (Ps < 0.01). Significant increases in isokinetic strength were experienced for shoulder joint internal rotation, extension, abduction, adduction, and horizontal adduction (Ps < 0.05). Conclusion: Chronic survivors of paraplegia safely improve their upper extremity cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle strength when undergoing a short-term circuit resistance training program. Gains in fitness and strength exceeded those usually reported after either arm endurance exercise conditioning or strength training in this subject population.

AB - JACOBS, P. L., M. S. NASH, and J. W. RUSINOWSKI, JR. Circuit training provides cardiorespiratory and strength benefits in persons with paraplegia. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 33, No. 5, 2001, pp. 711-717. Purpose: This study tested the safety and the effects of circuit resistance training (CRT) on peak upper extremity cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle strength in chronic survivors of paraplegia due to spinal cord injury. Methods: Ten men with chronic neurologically complete paraplegia at the T5-L1 levels participated in the study. Subjects completed 12 wk of CRT, using a series of alternating isoinertial resistance exercises on a multi-station gym and high-speed, low-resistance arm ergometry. Peak arm ergometry tests, upper extremity isoinertial strength testing, and testing of upper extremity isokinetic strength were all performed before and after training. Results: None of the subjects suffered injury from exercise training. Significant increases were observed in peak oxygen consumption (29.7%, P < 0.01), time to fatigue (P < 0.01), and peak power output during arm testing (P < 0.05). Significant increases in isoinertial strength for the training maneuvers ranged from 11.9% to 30% (Ps < 0.01). Significant increases in isokinetic strength were experienced for shoulder joint internal rotation, extension, abduction, adduction, and horizontal adduction (Ps < 0.05). Conclusion: Chronic survivors of paraplegia safely improve their upper extremity cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle strength when undergoing a short-term circuit resistance training program. Gains in fitness and strength exceeded those usually reported after either arm endurance exercise conditioning or strength training in this subject population.

KW - Endurance

KW - Exercise

KW - Muscular

KW - Spinal cord injury

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035056135&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035056135&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 11323537

AN - SCOPUS:0035056135

VL - 33

SP - 711

EP - 717

JO - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

JF - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

SN - 0195-9131

IS - 5

ER -