Chronic kidney disease stages 3-5 and cardiovascular disease in the veterans affairs population

Debasish Banerjee, Gabriel Contreras, Isabel Jaraba, Decio Carvalho, Luis Ortega, Cristiane Carvalho, Candido Pezon, Stephen P. Rosenthal, Norman La Rosa, Nuripama Vemuri, Gautam Cherla, Nilay Nahar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Aim: Cardiovascular complications are common in patients with chronic kidney disease in the general population. The study aims to investigate the prevalence and prognosis of CKD stages 3-5 in the veterans affairs (VA) population, which is sicker with more co-morbid conditions. Methods: In this case-controlled study of 6,432 men the associations of risk factors with CKD and its risk of mortality were estimated using, primarily, logistic regression analysis. Results: The 1,045 (16.2%) patients with CKD stages 3-5 were older (72 ± 10 vs. 59 ± 13 years P < 0.0001) with more hypertension (53.6 vs. 39.6%, P < 0.0001), diabetes (24.9 vs. 19.8%, P < 0.0002), and CVD (35.3 vs. 17.8%, P < 0.0001) at baseline. Age ≤65 years (odds ratio [95% CI]) (4.95 [4.22-5.82]), hypertension (1.56 [1.34-1.79]), diabetes mellitus (1.21 [1.03-1.43]), CVD (1.71 [1.47-2.00]), and White not Hispanic (1.57 [1.32-1.85]) were independently associated with CKD. The prevalence of CVD at baseline increased with decreasing renal function. Old age (1.98 [1.66-2.35]), CKD (1.94 [1.61-2.33], CVD (1.46 [1.23-1.74]) and tobacco use (1.91 [1.05-3.47]) were independently associated with the 750 (11.7%) deaths. Conclusion: Among veterans, traditional cardiovascular risk factors, CVD, and CKD are highly prevalent. CKD is associated with increased risk of baseline CVD and follow-up mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-451
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Urology and Nephrology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2009


  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Hypertension
  • Mortality
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Urology


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