Chronic exposure of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to simulated climate warming and sublethal ammonia

A year-long study of their appetite, growth, and metabolism

Tyler K. Linton, I. J. Morgan, P. J. Walsh, Chris M. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was conducted to assess, over the thermal cycle of an entire year, the effects (on appetite, growth, and metabolism) of a chronic small temperature increase (+2°C) and sublethal ammonia (70 μmol·L-1) on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Juvenile rainbow trout (≃11 g initially) were exposed for 14 months to four treatments: the natural water temperature cycle of the inshore region of Lake Ontario, this cycle +2°C to simulate a global warming scenario, and these temperature cycles in the presence of an additional 70 μmol total ammonia·L-1 (NH3 range: 0.005-0.013 mg·L-1). The additional +2°C substantially increased appetite over winter, significantly elevating specific growth rates. These gains were lost, however, over summer due to suppression of appetite and growth at high temperature. Ammonia alone tended to elevate growth, but the combination of +2°C and ammonia resulted in a general decrease in the activity of enzymes involved in nitrogen metabolism (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, glutamate dehydrogenase, and glutamine synthetase). These results document the dramatic influence of a +2°C warming scenario on the growth and feeding metabolism of juvenile rainbow trout. Moreover, the data indicate that a chronic small temperature increase, together with low-level ammonia pollution, substantially alters protein dynamics, and hence growth, in juvenile freshwater fishes; juvenile rainbow trout without thermal refuge will experience an increase in t a warmer, more polluted environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)576-586
Number of pages11
JournalCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Volume55
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 22 1998

Fingerprint

chronic exposure
appetite
global warming
rainbow
Oncorhynchus mykiss
ammonia
warming
metabolism
climate
temperature
heat
Lake Ontario
glutamate dehydrogenase
glutamate-ammonia ligase
nitrogen metabolism
alanine transaminase
freshwater fish
aspartate transaminase
specific growth rate
refuge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Chronic exposure of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to simulated climate warming and sublethal ammonia : A year-long study of their appetite, growth, and metabolism. / Linton, Tyler K.; Morgan, I. J.; Walsh, P. J.; Wood, Chris M.

In: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 55, No. 3, 22.07.1998, p. 576-586.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d89bd4ffd8144c99b3ee84c6bf42282c,
title = "Chronic exposure of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to simulated climate warming and sublethal ammonia: A year-long study of their appetite, growth, and metabolism",
abstract = "This study was conducted to assess, over the thermal cycle of an entire year, the effects (on appetite, growth, and metabolism) of a chronic small temperature increase (+2°C) and sublethal ammonia (70 μmol·L-1) on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Juvenile rainbow trout (≃11 g initially) were exposed for 14 months to four treatments: the natural water temperature cycle of the inshore region of Lake Ontario, this cycle +2°C to simulate a global warming scenario, and these temperature cycles in the presence of an additional 70 μmol total ammonia·L-1 (NH3 range: 0.005-0.013 mg·L-1). The additional +2°C substantially increased appetite over winter, significantly elevating specific growth rates. These gains were lost, however, over summer due to suppression of appetite and growth at high temperature. Ammonia alone tended to elevate growth, but the combination of +2°C and ammonia resulted in a general decrease in the activity of enzymes involved in nitrogen metabolism (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, glutamate dehydrogenase, and glutamine synthetase). These results document the dramatic influence of a +2°C warming scenario on the growth and feeding metabolism of juvenile rainbow trout. Moreover, the data indicate that a chronic small temperature increase, together with low-level ammonia pollution, substantially alters protein dynamics, and hence growth, in juvenile freshwater fishes; juvenile rainbow trout without thermal refuge will experience an increase in t a warmer, more polluted environment.",
author = "Linton, {Tyler K.} and Morgan, {I. J.} and Walsh, {P. J.} and Wood, {Chris M.}",
year = "1998",
month = "7",
day = "22",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "576--586",
journal = "Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences",
issn = "0706-652X",
publisher = "National Research Council of Canada",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chronic exposure of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to simulated climate warming and sublethal ammonia

T2 - A year-long study of their appetite, growth, and metabolism

AU - Linton, Tyler K.

AU - Morgan, I. J.

AU - Walsh, P. J.

AU - Wood, Chris M.

PY - 1998/7/22

Y1 - 1998/7/22

N2 - This study was conducted to assess, over the thermal cycle of an entire year, the effects (on appetite, growth, and metabolism) of a chronic small temperature increase (+2°C) and sublethal ammonia (70 μmol·L-1) on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Juvenile rainbow trout (≃11 g initially) were exposed for 14 months to four treatments: the natural water temperature cycle of the inshore region of Lake Ontario, this cycle +2°C to simulate a global warming scenario, and these temperature cycles in the presence of an additional 70 μmol total ammonia·L-1 (NH3 range: 0.005-0.013 mg·L-1). The additional +2°C substantially increased appetite over winter, significantly elevating specific growth rates. These gains were lost, however, over summer due to suppression of appetite and growth at high temperature. Ammonia alone tended to elevate growth, but the combination of +2°C and ammonia resulted in a general decrease in the activity of enzymes involved in nitrogen metabolism (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, glutamate dehydrogenase, and glutamine synthetase). These results document the dramatic influence of a +2°C warming scenario on the growth and feeding metabolism of juvenile rainbow trout. Moreover, the data indicate that a chronic small temperature increase, together with low-level ammonia pollution, substantially alters protein dynamics, and hence growth, in juvenile freshwater fishes; juvenile rainbow trout without thermal refuge will experience an increase in t a warmer, more polluted environment.

AB - This study was conducted to assess, over the thermal cycle of an entire year, the effects (on appetite, growth, and metabolism) of a chronic small temperature increase (+2°C) and sublethal ammonia (70 μmol·L-1) on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Juvenile rainbow trout (≃11 g initially) were exposed for 14 months to four treatments: the natural water temperature cycle of the inshore region of Lake Ontario, this cycle +2°C to simulate a global warming scenario, and these temperature cycles in the presence of an additional 70 μmol total ammonia·L-1 (NH3 range: 0.005-0.013 mg·L-1). The additional +2°C substantially increased appetite over winter, significantly elevating specific growth rates. These gains were lost, however, over summer due to suppression of appetite and growth at high temperature. Ammonia alone tended to elevate growth, but the combination of +2°C and ammonia resulted in a general decrease in the activity of enzymes involved in nitrogen metabolism (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, glutamate dehydrogenase, and glutamine synthetase). These results document the dramatic influence of a +2°C warming scenario on the growth and feeding metabolism of juvenile rainbow trout. Moreover, the data indicate that a chronic small temperature increase, together with low-level ammonia pollution, substantially alters protein dynamics, and hence growth, in juvenile freshwater fishes; juvenile rainbow trout without thermal refuge will experience an increase in t a warmer, more polluted environment.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031857825&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031857825&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 576

EP - 586

JO - Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

JF - Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

SN - 0706-652X

IS - 3

ER -