Chronic administration of the selective dopamine uptake inhibitor GBR 12909, but not cocaine, produces marked decreases in dopamine transporter density

Paul M. Kunko, Richard J. Loeloff, Sari Izenwasser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The chronic continuous infusion of cocaine produces partial behavioral tolerance to cocaine and tolerance to the inhibition of dopamine uptake by cocaine, without changing dopamine transporter binding. In order to examine more closely the dopaminergic contribution to this effect, the selective dopamine uptake inhibitor GBR 12909 (30 mg/kg/day), cocaine (50 mg/kg/day), or vehicle, were continuously infused via osmotic minipump, and their effects on the dopamine transporter examined. Drug and vehicle pumps were implanted into male Sprague-Dawley rats and removed after seven days. [3H]WIN 35,428 binding and [3H]dopamine uptake were measured in caudate putamen and nucleus accumbens at varying intervals after pump removal. The B(max) for [3H]WIN 35,428 binding was decreased by, approximately 75% in the caudate putamen and by 40% in the nucleus accumbens of GBR 12909-treated rats both 1 and 4 days after pump removal, and was still significantly decreased after 10 days, but had returned to normal by 20 days post-treatment. In contrast, cocaine did not significantly alter [3H]WIN 35,428 binding. GBR 12909 produced both tolerance to the inhibition of [3H]dopamine uptake by cocaine, and a decrease in total uptake of dopamine, in the caudate putamen, with no change in the nucleus accumbens. The persistent reduction of [3H]WIN 35,428 binding following continuous GBR 12909 does not appear to result from residual drug binding. These findings suggest that GBR 12909 and cocaine may bind to and regulate the dopamine transporter in different ways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)562-569
Number of pages8
JournalNaunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Volume356
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 19 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Caudate putamen
  • Cocaine
  • Continuous infusions
  • Dopamine transporters
  • Dopamine uptake
  • GBR 12909
  • Nucleus accumbens
  • Uptake inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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