Cholesterol sulfate inhibits adrenal mitochondrial cholesterol side chain cleavage at a site distinct from cytochrome P-450scc. Evidence for an intramitochondrial cholesterol translocator.

J. D. Lambeth, Xiangxi Xu, M. Glover

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Abstract

Cholesterol sulfate inhibits (K1/2, 6 microM) the side chain cleavage of exogenous cholesterol in intact rat adrenal mitochondria. Inhibition is at a site other than cytochrome P-450scc: the spin state of the hemoprotein is not perturbed, and its activity is unaffected as judged by the failure to inhibit the metabolism both of 25-hydroxycholesterol and of endogenous cholesterol in a mitochondrial "steroidogenic pool." In contrast, 25-hydroxycholesterol, known to interact with the cytochrome, prevented the cleavage of both endogenous and exogenous cholesterol and produced the expected optical changes in the hemoprotein. Inhibition was specific, since a variety of related compounds including pregnenolone sulfate were not effective. Metabolic conversion to other species was insufficient to account for inhibition, indicating that cholesterol sulfate is the effective molecule. A hallmark of an inhibitor of a transport system is that disruption of the barrier to transport eliminates inhibition. Sonic disruption of mitochondria abated by 70% the effect of cholesterol sulfate, but did not affect inhibition by 25-hydroxycholesterol. Thus, the cholesterol sulfate appears to inhibit an intramitochondrial cholesterol translocation system that functions to move cholesterol into a steroidogenic pool. The high content of cholesterol sulfate in adrenal cortex (Drayer, N.M., Roberts, K.D., Bandi, L., and Lieberman, S. (1964) J. Biol. Chem. 239, 3112-3114) suggests a possible regulatory role for this molecule.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9181-9188
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume262
Issue number19
StatePublished - Jul 5 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Cytochromes
Cholesterol
Mitochondria
Molecules
Adrenal Cortex
Metabolism
Rats
cholesteryl sulfate
25-hydroxycholesterol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Cholesterol sulfate inhibits adrenal mitochondrial cholesterol side chain cleavage at a site distinct from cytochrome P-450scc. Evidence for an intramitochondrial cholesterol translocator.",
abstract = "Cholesterol sulfate inhibits (K1/2, 6 microM) the side chain cleavage of exogenous cholesterol in intact rat adrenal mitochondria. Inhibition is at a site other than cytochrome P-450scc: the spin state of the hemoprotein is not perturbed, and its activity is unaffected as judged by the failure to inhibit the metabolism both of 25-hydroxycholesterol and of endogenous cholesterol in a mitochondrial {"}steroidogenic pool.{"} In contrast, 25-hydroxycholesterol, known to interact with the cytochrome, prevented the cleavage of both endogenous and exogenous cholesterol and produced the expected optical changes in the hemoprotein. Inhibition was specific, since a variety of related compounds including pregnenolone sulfate were not effective. Metabolic conversion to other species was insufficient to account for inhibition, indicating that cholesterol sulfate is the effective molecule. A hallmark of an inhibitor of a transport system is that disruption of the barrier to transport eliminates inhibition. Sonic disruption of mitochondria abated by 70{\%} the effect of cholesterol sulfate, but did not affect inhibition by 25-hydroxycholesterol. Thus, the cholesterol sulfate appears to inhibit an intramitochondrial cholesterol translocation system that functions to move cholesterol into a steroidogenic pool. The high content of cholesterol sulfate in adrenal cortex (Drayer, N.M., Roberts, K.D., Bandi, L., and Lieberman, S. (1964) J. Biol. Chem. 239, 3112-3114) suggests a possible regulatory role for this molecule.",
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T1 - Cholesterol sulfate inhibits adrenal mitochondrial cholesterol side chain cleavage at a site distinct from cytochrome P-450scc. Evidence for an intramitochondrial cholesterol translocator.

AU - Lambeth, J. D.

AU - Xu, Xiangxi

AU - Glover, M.

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N2 - Cholesterol sulfate inhibits (K1/2, 6 microM) the side chain cleavage of exogenous cholesterol in intact rat adrenal mitochondria. Inhibition is at a site other than cytochrome P-450scc: the spin state of the hemoprotein is not perturbed, and its activity is unaffected as judged by the failure to inhibit the metabolism both of 25-hydroxycholesterol and of endogenous cholesterol in a mitochondrial "steroidogenic pool." In contrast, 25-hydroxycholesterol, known to interact with the cytochrome, prevented the cleavage of both endogenous and exogenous cholesterol and produced the expected optical changes in the hemoprotein. Inhibition was specific, since a variety of related compounds including pregnenolone sulfate were not effective. Metabolic conversion to other species was insufficient to account for inhibition, indicating that cholesterol sulfate is the effective molecule. A hallmark of an inhibitor of a transport system is that disruption of the barrier to transport eliminates inhibition. Sonic disruption of mitochondria abated by 70% the effect of cholesterol sulfate, but did not affect inhibition by 25-hydroxycholesterol. Thus, the cholesterol sulfate appears to inhibit an intramitochondrial cholesterol translocation system that functions to move cholesterol into a steroidogenic pool. The high content of cholesterol sulfate in adrenal cortex (Drayer, N.M., Roberts, K.D., Bandi, L., and Lieberman, S. (1964) J. Biol. Chem. 239, 3112-3114) suggests a possible regulatory role for this molecule.

AB - Cholesterol sulfate inhibits (K1/2, 6 microM) the side chain cleavage of exogenous cholesterol in intact rat adrenal mitochondria. Inhibition is at a site other than cytochrome P-450scc: the spin state of the hemoprotein is not perturbed, and its activity is unaffected as judged by the failure to inhibit the metabolism both of 25-hydroxycholesterol and of endogenous cholesterol in a mitochondrial "steroidogenic pool." In contrast, 25-hydroxycholesterol, known to interact with the cytochrome, prevented the cleavage of both endogenous and exogenous cholesterol and produced the expected optical changes in the hemoprotein. Inhibition was specific, since a variety of related compounds including pregnenolone sulfate were not effective. Metabolic conversion to other species was insufficient to account for inhibition, indicating that cholesterol sulfate is the effective molecule. A hallmark of an inhibitor of a transport system is that disruption of the barrier to transport eliminates inhibition. Sonic disruption of mitochondria abated by 70% the effect of cholesterol sulfate, but did not affect inhibition by 25-hydroxycholesterol. Thus, the cholesterol sulfate appears to inhibit an intramitochondrial cholesterol translocation system that functions to move cholesterol into a steroidogenic pool. The high content of cholesterol sulfate in adrenal cortex (Drayer, N.M., Roberts, K.D., Bandi, L., and Lieberman, S. (1964) J. Biol. Chem. 239, 3112-3114) suggests a possible regulatory role for this molecule.

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