Chimerism and donor-specific nonreactivity 27 to 29 years after kidney allotransplantation

T. E. Starzl, A. J. Demetris, M. Trucco, A. Zeevi, H. Ramos, P. Terasaki, W. A. Rudert, M. Kocova, Camillo Ricordi, S. Ildstad, N. Murase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

283 Scopus citations


Chimerism was demonstrated with immunocytochemical and/or polymerase chain reaction techniques in kidney allografts and in the native skin, lymph nodes, or blood of 5 of 5 patients who received continuously functioning renal transplants from 1 or 2 haplotype HLA mismatched consanguineous donors (4 parents, 1 aunt) 27-29 years ago. In the 4 cases where the kidney donor still was alive to provide stimulator lymphocytes for testing, these provoked no (n=2) or modest (n=2) MLR in contrast to vigorous MLR to third party lymphocytes. In all 4 cases, the donor cells failed to generate in vitro cytotoxic effector cells (cell-mediated lymphocytotoxicity). These findings are in accord with the hypothesis that cell migration, repopulation, and chimerism are seminal events that define graft acceptance and ultimately can lead to acquired donor-specific nonresponsiveness (tolerance).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1272-1277
Number of pages6
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Starzl, T. E., Demetris, A. J., Trucco, M., Zeevi, A., Ramos, H., Terasaki, P., Rudert, W. A., Kocova, M., Ricordi, C., Ildstad, S., & Murase, N. (1993). Chimerism and donor-specific nonreactivity 27 to 29 years after kidney allotransplantation. Transplantation, 55(6), 1272-1277.