Relationships between parenting stress as measured by the Parenting Stress Index and other maternal and child characteristics were investigated in a sample of 66 low income mothers and their 5- to 8-year-old children who are at risk for educational disabilities. The data provide concurrent and construct validity support for the Parenting Stress Index. In addition, child characteristics (self-esteem, behavior conduct, and spelling achievement) and maternal characteristics (self-esteem and crowding stress) related to parenting stress in this sample. That these variables combined to explain approximately half of the variance on the Parenting Stress Index suggests that they represent important sources of parenting stress, at least during the early grade school years. Because the children's behavior and academic achievement constituted significant sources of parent stress, supportive counseling services may be needed that are often required for children of low income, less well-educated parents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health