Childhood hypophosphatasia with homozygous mutation of ALPL

Supamit Ukarapong, Shankar Srinivas Ganapathy, Jaime Haidet, Gary Berkovitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe an unusual phenotype of a case with rare homozygous ALPL gene mutation that results in mild form of hypophosphatasia.Methods: Case presentation, description of biochemical profiles, genetic testing and a brief review of literature are presented.Results: A 13-year-old male presented with chronic left knee pain. Radiogram of the left knee indicated two oval radiolucent lesions in the femoral metaphysis. Serum alkaline phosphatase activity (17 U/L) was markedly below normal (42 to 362 U/L). Serum pyridoxal 5' phosphate (258 μg/L) was above normal (5 to 50 μg/L). Sequence analysis of ALPL gene indicated a homozygous missense mutation c.1077 C>G (p. I359M). The mutation was previously identified in a case of perinatal hypophosphatasia with severe skeletal abnormalities in contrast to the mild phenotype of the patient we present.Conclusion: The case of homozygous mutation of ALPL gene but mild form of hypophosphatasia suggests that functions of the mutated protein may be modified by other factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e198-e201
JournalEndocrine Practice
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014


  • D = aspartate
  • I = isoleucine
  • M = methionine
  • MRI = magnetic resonance imaging
  • V = valine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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