Characterizing RESTful Web Services Usage on Smartphones: A Tale of Native Apps and Web Apps

Yi Liu, Xuanzhe Liu, Yun Ma, Yunxin Liu, Zibin Zheng, Gang Huang, M. Brian Blake

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The burst of Web-based Restful services brings us a number of facilities in our life and work. We are used to take smartphones to access these Web services, like location-based services, weather search, mapping, social networking, et al. On smartphones, we have two options of service consumers, a.k.a, Native apps and Web apps. Despite the platform-independence, Web apps are claimed to provide the same features and comparable user experiences with native apps. However, one fact is that more and more people prefer native apps rather than Web apps. In this paper, we make an empirical study on characterizing the performance disparity of native apps and Web apps. Given the same functionalities provided by the same service providers, we explore the Restful Web services that are used by native apps and Web apps. With HTTP-level trace analysis, we demystify the workflows on how native apps and Web apps use Web services and summarize different service usage patterns from architectural style perspective. Then we characterize the performance differences between native apps and Web apps on realizing Restful Web services including GET, DELETE, PUT & POST, in terms of number of network connections, response time, and data drain, given the same functional features. Our observations reveal that Web apps do not always perform worse than native apps using Restful Web services under the same context. We further propose some implications to improve both native apps and Web apps on smartphones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 IEEE International Conference on Web Services, ICWS 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages337-344
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781467380904
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE International Conference on Web Services, ICWS 2015 - New York, United States
Duration: Jun 27 2015Jul 2 2015

Other

OtherIEEE International Conference on Web Services, ICWS 2015
CountryUnited States
CityNew York
Period6/27/157/2/15

Keywords

  • Conferences
  • Mobile
  • native apps
  • Restful Web services
  • Web apps
  • Web services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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  • Cite this

    Liu, Y., Liu, X., Ma, Y., Liu, Y., Zheng, Z., Huang, G., & Blake, M. B. (2015). Characterizing RESTful Web Services Usage on Smartphones: A Tale of Native Apps and Web Apps. In Proceedings - 2015 IEEE International Conference on Web Services, ICWS 2015 (pp. 337-344). [7195587] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICWS.2015.53