Characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Asian and north American pollution plumes during INTEX-B: Identification of specific Chinese air mass tracers

B. Barletta, S. Meinardi, I. J. Simpson, Elliot L Atlas, A. J. Beyersdorf, A. K. Baker, N. J. Blake, M. Yang, J. R. Midyett, B. J. Novak, R. J. McKeachie, H. E. Fuelberg, G. W. Sachse, M. A. Avery, T. Campos, A. J. Weinheimer, F. S. Rowland, D. R. Blake

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Abstract

We present results from the Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment - Phase B (INTEX-B) aircraft mission conducted in spring 2006. By analyzing the mixing ratios of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) measured during the second part of the field campaign, together with kinematic back trajectories, we were able to identify five plumes originating from China, four plumes from other Asian regions, and three plumes from the United States. To identify specific tracers for the different air masses we characterized their VOC composition and we compared their background levels with those obtained during the 2004 INTEX-A mission. The Chinese and other Asian air masses were significantly enhanced in carbonyl sulfide (OCS) and methyl chloride (CH 3Cl), while all CFC replacement compounds were elevated in US plumes, particularly HFC-134a. Although elevated mixing ratios of Halon-1211 were measured in some Chinese plume samples, several measurements at background levels were also observed. After analyzing the VOC distribution and correlations within the Chinese pollution plumes and applying principal component analysis (PCA), we suggest the use of a suite of species, rather than a single gas, as specific tracers of Chinese air masses (namely OCS, CH3Cl, 1,2-dichloroethane, ethyl chloride, and Halon- 1211). In an era of constantly changing halocarbon usage patterns, this suite of gases best reflects new emission characteristics from China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5371-5388
Number of pages18
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume9
Issue number14
StatePublished - 2009

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air mass
volatile organic compound
plume
tracer
pollution
experiment
background level
mixing ratio
methyl chloride
hydrofluorocarbon
halocarbon
CFC
gas
chemical
principal component analysis
aircraft
replacement
kinematics
trajectory
chloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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Characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Asian and north American pollution plumes during INTEX-B : Identification of specific Chinese air mass tracers. / Barletta, B.; Meinardi, S.; Simpson, I. J.; Atlas, Elliot L; Beyersdorf, A. J.; Baker, A. K.; Blake, N. J.; Yang, M.; Midyett, J. R.; Novak, B. J.; McKeachie, R. J.; Fuelberg, H. E.; Sachse, G. W.; Avery, M. A.; Campos, T.; Weinheimer, A. J.; Rowland, F. S.; Blake, D. R.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 9, No. 14, 2009, p. 5371-5388.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barletta, B, Meinardi, S, Simpson, IJ, Atlas, EL, Beyersdorf, AJ, Baker, AK, Blake, NJ, Yang, M, Midyett, JR, Novak, BJ, McKeachie, RJ, Fuelberg, HE, Sachse, GW, Avery, MA, Campos, T, Weinheimer, AJ, Rowland, FS & Blake, DR 2009, 'Characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Asian and north American pollution plumes during INTEX-B: Identification of specific Chinese air mass tracers', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 9, no. 14, pp. 5371-5388.
Barletta, B. ; Meinardi, S. ; Simpson, I. J. ; Atlas, Elliot L ; Beyersdorf, A. J. ; Baker, A. K. ; Blake, N. J. ; Yang, M. ; Midyett, J. R. ; Novak, B. J. ; McKeachie, R. J. ; Fuelberg, H. E. ; Sachse, G. W. ; Avery, M. A. ; Campos, T. ; Weinheimer, A. J. ; Rowland, F. S. ; Blake, D. R. / Characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Asian and north American pollution plumes during INTEX-B : Identification of specific Chinese air mass tracers. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2009 ; Vol. 9, No. 14. pp. 5371-5388.
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abstract = "We present results from the Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment - Phase B (INTEX-B) aircraft mission conducted in spring 2006. By analyzing the mixing ratios of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) measured during the second part of the field campaign, together with kinematic back trajectories, we were able to identify five plumes originating from China, four plumes from other Asian regions, and three plumes from the United States. To identify specific tracers for the different air masses we characterized their VOC composition and we compared their background levels with those obtained during the 2004 INTEX-A mission. The Chinese and other Asian air masses were significantly enhanced in carbonyl sulfide (OCS) and methyl chloride (CH 3Cl), while all CFC replacement compounds were elevated in US plumes, particularly HFC-134a. Although elevated mixing ratios of Halon-1211 were measured in some Chinese plume samples, several measurements at background levels were also observed. After analyzing the VOC distribution and correlations within the Chinese pollution plumes and applying principal component analysis (PCA), we suggest the use of a suite of species, rather than a single gas, as specific tracers of Chinese air masses (namely OCS, CH3Cl, 1,2-dichloroethane, ethyl chloride, and Halon- 1211). In an era of constantly changing halocarbon usage patterns, this suite of gases best reflects new emission characteristics from China.",
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T2 - Identification of specific Chinese air mass tracers

AU - Barletta, B.

AU - Meinardi, S.

AU - Simpson, I. J.

AU - Atlas, Elliot L

AU - Beyersdorf, A. J.

AU - Baker, A. K.

AU - Blake, N. J.

AU - Yang, M.

AU - Midyett, J. R.

AU - Novak, B. J.

AU - McKeachie, R. J.

AU - Fuelberg, H. E.

AU - Sachse, G. W.

AU - Avery, M. A.

AU - Campos, T.

AU - Weinheimer, A. J.

AU - Rowland, F. S.

AU - Blake, D. R.

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