Characterization of vascular neuropeptide Y receptors

Lars Grundemar, S. E. Jonas, N. Mörner, Edward D. Högestätt, Claes Wahlestedt, Rolf Håkanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Scopus citations


1. In the present study we compared neuropeptide Y (NPY) and NPY-related analogues for their ability to activate or bind to vascular NPY receptors in four experimental set-ups. Previous results have suggested the existence of different receptor subtypes, Y1 receptors requiring full-length NPY (1-36) or [Pro34]-NPY, and Y2 receptors recognizing also N-terminally truncated forms of NPY but not [Pro34]-NPY. 2. NPY 1-36 and [Pro34]-NPY dose-dependently increased arterial pressure in the anaesthetized rat with a similar magnitude and potency. NPY 2-36 was much less potent than NPY 1-36. NPY 4-36 and NPY 11-36 were inactive even at a dose as high as 10 nmol kg-1. 3. NPY 1-36, [Pro34]-NPY, NPY 2-36 and NPY 5-36 concentration-dependently increased the coronary resistance in the Langendorff preparation of the rat. NPY 1-36 and [Pro34]-NPY were equipotent, while NPY 2-36 and NPY 5-36 were about 7 and 20 times less potent. At 0.3 μM, NPY 11-36, NPY 20-36 and NPY 22-36 induced a slight contraction while NPY 23-36 was inactive. 4. NPY 1-36, [Pro34]-NPY, NPY 2-36, NPY 4-36, NPY 5-36 and NPY 11-36 evoked concentration-dependent contractions in the isolated inferior caval vein of the rat and guinea-pig. [Pro34]-NPY was more potent than NPY 1-36. NPY 2-36 was equipotent with NPY 1-36, while NPY 4-36, NPY 5-36 and NPY 11-36 were approximately 30 times less potent. 5. [Pro34]-NPY was equipotent with NPY 1-36 in displacing the 125I-labelled gut hormone peptide ([125I]-PYY) from rat aortic smooth muscle cells, while NPY 2-36 and shorter forms of NPY were much less potent or inactive. 6. In caval vein smooth muscle cells of the rat, the displacement pattern was more complex than in aortic smooth muscle cells, in that both [Pro34]-NPY and NPY 13-36 effectively displaced the radioligand, albeit none of them completely. 7. In conclusion, the NPY-evoked pressor response in the whole rat and coronary vessels seems to be mediated by vascular Y1 receptors and the binding characteristics of the NPY-related peptides in the aortic smooth muscle cells correspond to a population of such receptors. In the caval vein, the profile of the bioactivity and the binding affinity of the NPY-related peptides suggest a mixed population of Y1/Y2 receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Coronary resistance
  • Hypertension
  • Neuropeptide Y (NPY)
  • Radioligand binding
  • Vasoconstriction
  • Y-receptors
  • Y-receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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