Characterization of the peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors in cultured astrocytes: evidence for multiplicity.

Yossef Itzhak, L. Baker, Michael D Norenberg

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Abstract

In mammalian brain peripheral benzodiazepine (PBZD) receptors are predominantly localized on astroglial cells. Previous studies utilizing whole membrane preparations from brain and peripheral organs of various species have indicated several distinctions between the drug-receptor interactions of the two prototypic PBZD receptor ligands, PK 11195 and Ro5-4864. The present study was undertaken to determine whether putative differences in the binding of PBZD receptor ligands in homogenates of primary astrocyte cultures can be interpreted as the labeling of PBZD receptor subtypes. Equilibrium competition and saturation binding experiments in homogenate preparations of primary astrocytes from cerebral cortex of new born rats revealed that [3H]PK 11195 labels twice the number of [3H]Ro5-4864 binding sites. Unlabeled Ro5-4864 competes for [3H]PK 11195 binding in a manner suggesting the existence of multiple PK 11195 binding sites. The competition binding experiments, using various benzodiazepines, indicate that one binding component of PK 11195 corresponds to Ro5-4864 binding sites, whereas the second is different. The latter binding site does not correspond to the central BZD receptor but displays the pharmacological properties of the PBZD receptor. Further differences between the binding of PK 11195 and Ro5-4864 in astrocytes were detected in the presence of ethanol which was more effective in inhibiting the binding of the latter. Subcellular distribution studies indicated, however, that the binding of both [3H]PK 11195 and [3H]Ro5-4864 is associated primarily with the mitochondrial fraction of astrocytes. Taken together, the present study indicates the existence of non-overlapping PBZD binding sites in astrocytes and thus suggests the existence of PBZD receptor subtypes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
JournalGLIA
Volume9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1 1993

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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