D-cyclin proteins play a central role in cell-cycle regulation and are involved in the pathogenesis of lymphomas. In mantle-cell lymphoma, the t(11;14) translocation leads to overexpression of cyclin-D1, in addition to which cyclin-D1-negative mantle-cell lymphoma that overexpress cyclin-D2 or D3 have also been described. Although cyclin-D2 and D3 have been implicated in the prognosis of specific lymphoma subtypes, a thorough characterization of D-cyclin protein expression in human hematolymphoid neoplasia has not been reported. To evaluate the tissue expression patterns of D-cyclins, particularly D2 and D3, in normal and neoplastic hematolymphoid tissues, we optimized the commercially available antibodies for D-cyclins for use on paraffin-embedded tissue and stained tissue microarrays of over 700 patient samples. Our results show that cyclin-D2 and D3 proteins are expressed in many more lymphoma subtypes than cyclin-D1. Cyclin-D1, D2 and D3 were expressed in 100, 22 and 6% of mantle-cell lymphomas and 2, 49 and 20% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. Fluorescence in situ hybridization studies confirmed the presence of the CCND1/IGH translocation in the majority of mantle-cell lymphoma, but not in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma that expressed cyclin-D1 protein. In addition, a subset of follicular, marginal zone, lymphoplasmacytic, lymphoblastic, classical Hodgkin, mature T-cell and natural killer cell lymphomas and acute myeloid leukemias also expressed cyclin-D2 and D3. These data support the hypothesis that dysregulation of cell-cycle control by D-cyclins contribute to the pathogenesis of hematolymphoid neoplasia, and suggest a potential role for these proteins in the prognostic and therapeutic aspects of these diseases. For diagnostic purposes, however, the expression of D-cyclin proteins should be interpreted with caution in the subclassification of lymphoma types.
- Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
- Tissue microarray
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine