Changing interests: A longitudinal study of intrinsic motivation for personally salient activities

Seth J Schwartz, Alan S. Waterman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present longitudinal study extends the findings of earlier cross-sectional studies (Waterman, Schwartz, Green, Miller, & Philip, 2003) on the subjective experience of intrinsic motivation. University students generated lists of personally salient (identity-related) activities at the beginning of an academic semester and were asked to evaluate these activities at three points during the semester. Drawing on theories of intrinsic motivation, three subjective indices of intrinsic motivation (interest, flow experiences, and feelings of personal expressiveness) and three theoretically derived predictor variables (self-determination, the balance of challenges and skills, and self-realization values) were used in the present study. Cross-sectional relationships between the predictors and subjective experience indices at each timepoint replicated those observed in previous research. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to demonstrate that, as hypothesized, increases or decreases in the predictor variables between timepoints were associated with corresponding increases or decreases in the subjective experience indices. Implications for the study of intrinsic motivation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1119-1136
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

Fingerprint

Longitudinal Studies
Motivation
Personal Autonomy
Emotions
Cross-Sectional Studies
Students
Research

Keywords

  • Flow
  • Interest
  • Intrinsic motivation
  • Longitudinal study
  • Personal expressiveness
  • Self-determination
  • Self-realization values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Changing interests : A longitudinal study of intrinsic motivation for personally salient activities. / Schwartz, Seth J; Waterman, Alan S.

In: Journal of Research in Personality, Vol. 40, No. 6, 01.12.2006, p. 1119-1136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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