Changes in the GEF-H1 pathways after traumatic brain injury

Inna Sabirzhanova, Chunli Liu, Jingwei Zhao, Helen Bramlett, W. Dalton Dietrich, Bingren Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Brains undergo significant remodeling after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The Rho guanine triphosphate (GTP)ase pathways control brain remodeling during development and under pathological conditions. How the Rho GTPase pathways are regulated in the brain after TBI remains largely unknown, however. This study used the rat fluid percussion injury model to investigate changes in the Rho GTPase pathways after TBI. The results showed that TBI leads to activation and translocation of RhoA and Rac1 proteins from cytosolic fraction to the membrane fraction after injury. Consistently, the Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factors GEF-H1 and Cool-2/αPix are significantly activated by dephosphorylation and accumulation in the cytosolic fractions during the post-TBI phase. Because the Rho GTPase pathways are key regulators of brain remodeling, these results depict regulatory mechanisms of the Rho GTPase pathways after TBI, and pave the way for the study of therapeutic agents targeting the Rho GTPase pathways for functional recovery after TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1449-1456
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neurotrauma
Volume30
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2013

Keywords

  • brain remodeling
  • Cool2/αPix
  • GEF-H1
  • Rho GTPases
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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