Changes in the expression of genes associated with intraneuronal amyloid-β and tau in Alzheimer's disease

Robert K. Fujimura, Teresita Reiner, Fangchao Ma, Virginia Phillips, Alicia De Las Pozas, Dennis W. Dickson, Bernard A Roos, Guy A. Howard, Carlos Perez-Stable

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The clinical hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is impairment of cognition associated with loss of synapses, accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) both within neurons and as extracellular deposits, and neurofibrillary degeneration composed of phospho-tau. Neurons in the hippocampus are among those that are most vulnerable. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of genes associated with cognition, synapse, and mitochondrial function in hippocampal neurons of AD compared to normal individuals. Neurons from the hippocampus with intraneuronal Aβ immunoreactivity were captured with laser microdissection; RNA was extracted; and levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), TrkB (BDNF receptor), dynamin-1 (DYN), and cytochrome C oxidase subunit II (COX2) were assessed with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. We found no significant differences in the expression of these genes in AD between neurons associated with Aβ compared to those lacking Aβ immunoreactivity. Double immunofluorescence microscopy showed the number of hippocampal neurons coexpressing Aβ or phospho-tau and either BDNF, TrkB, or DYN was similar in AD and controls. Our results suggest that neither intraneuronal Aβ nor phospho-tau has obligatory effects on reducing the expression of genes important for memory and cognition in hippocampus of AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-109
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Amyloid-β
  • Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)
  • Cytochrome C oxidase subunit II (COX2)
  • Double immunofluorescence
  • Dynamin-1 (DYN)
  • Phospho-tau
  • QRT-PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Psychology

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