Chandipura Virus: An emerging tropical pathogen

Sunil Menghani, Rupesh Chikhale, Ami Raval, Pankaj Wadibhasme, Pramod Khedekar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chandipura Virus (CHPV), a member of Rhabdoviridae, is responsible for an explosive outbreak in rural areas of India. It affects mostly children and is characterized by influenza-like illness and neurologic dysfunctions. It is transmitted by vectors such as mosquitoes, ticks and sand flies. An effective real-time one step reverse-transcriptase PCR assay method is adopted for diagnosis of this virus. CHPV has a negative sense RNA genome encoding five different proteins (N, P, M, G, and L). P protein plays a vital role in the virus's life cycle, while M protein is lethal in nature. There is no specific treatment available to date, symptomatic treatment involves use of mannitol to reduce brain edema. A Vero cell based vaccine candidate against CHPV was evaluated efficiently as a preventive agent against it. Prevention is the best method to suppress CHPV infection. Containment of disease transmitting vectors, maintaining good nutrition, health, hygiene and awareness in rural areas will help in curbing the menace of CHPV. Thus, to control virus transmission some immense preventive measures need to be attempted until a good anti-CHPV agent is developed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalActa Tropica
Volume124
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Life cycle
  • Treatment
  • Vaccine
  • Vesiculo virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Menghani, S., Chikhale, R., Raval, A., Wadibhasme, P., & Khedekar, P. (2012). Chandipura Virus: An emerging tropical pathogen. Acta Tropica, 124(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2012.06.001