Challenges Confronting Whistleblowing and the International Civil Servant

Kim Moloney, James S. Bowman, Jonathan P. West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


More than 800 international governmental organizations employ thousands of civil servants. Whistleblowers in them confront problems that are both common and uncommon compared with their nation-state counterparts. Drawing upon the relevant literature, as well as stakeholder interview data, a research framework is developed identifying whistle-blower challenges. These dilemmas focus on loyalty, impartiality, and immunity, as well as the desire to hold organizations accountable in a governance system lacking in sufficient checks and balances. In addition, significant hurdles confronting whistleblowers include definitions and policies, retaliation and restitution concerns, visa and short-contract constraints, and a resource gap along with judicial composition issues. Future research is needed because international public servants play a significant role in ensuring a transparent and accountable global system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-634
Number of pages24
JournalReview of Public Personnel Administration
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019


  • immunity
  • international organizations
  • loyalty
  • whistle-blower

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Administration
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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