Challenges and opportunities for biodiversity conservation in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

Marcelo Tabarelli, Luiz Paulo Pinto, Jose Maria Cardoso da Silva, Márcia Hirota, Lúcio Bedê

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

194 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With endangered status and more than 8,000 endemic species, the Atlantic Forest is one of the world's 25 biodiversity hotspots. Less than 100,000 km 2 (about 7%) of the forest remains. In some areas of endemism, all that is left are immense archipelagos of tiny and widely separated forest fragments. In addition to habitat loss, other threats contributing to forest degradation include the harvesting of firewood, illegal logging, hunting, plant collecting, and invasion by alien species - all despite the legislation that exists for the forest's protection. More than 530 plants and animals occurring in the forest are now officially threatened, some at the biome level, some throughout Brazil, and some globally. Many species have not been recorded in any protected areas, indicating the need to rationalize and expand the parks system. Although conservation initiatives have increased in number and scale during the last two decades, they are still insufficient to guarantee the conservation of Atlantic Forest biodiversity. To avoid further deforestation and massive species loss in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, the challenge is to integrate the diverse regulations, public policies, new opportunities, and incentive mechanisms for forest protection and restoration and the various independent projects and programs carried out by governments and nongovernmental organizations into a single and comprehensive strategy for establishing networks of sustainable landscapes throughout the region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)695-700
Number of pages6
JournalConservation Biology
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Biodiversity
Conservation
biodiversity
Deforestation
Restoration
Animals
Degradation
indigenous species
plant exploration and collection
forestry law
nongovernmental organizations
public policy
fuelwood
habitat loss
endemism
biome
deforestation
introduced species
endemic species
habitat destruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Challenges and opportunities for biodiversity conservation in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. / Tabarelli, Marcelo; Pinto, Luiz Paulo; Cardoso da Silva, Jose Maria; Hirota, Márcia; Bedê, Lúcio.

In: Conservation Biology, Vol. 19, No. 3, 06.2005, p. 695-700.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tabarelli, Marcelo ; Pinto, Luiz Paulo ; Cardoso da Silva, Jose Maria ; Hirota, Márcia ; Bedê, Lúcio. / Challenges and opportunities for biodiversity conservation in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. In: Conservation Biology. 2005 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 695-700.
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