Cervical range of motion in geriatric individuals

Ira M. Fiebert, Tina Armstrong, Frances Caliendo, Miriam Herstick, Kathryn Roach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent research concerning the active range of motion (AROM) of the cervical spine of older individuals has been limited. The purpose of this study was to describe cervical AROM in individuals sixty years of age and older. Forty-five healthy subjects (28 females and 17 males) between the ages of 60 and 82 participated in this study. The Cervical Range of Motion Instrument (CROM) was used to measure flexion, extension, left and right lateral flexion, left and right rotation, and the neutral position, while the subjects were seated. Results showed that the differences of cervical range of motion in geriatric individuals is statistically significant (p<.05) from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeions (AAOS) standards for five of the six motions. Cervical flexion was greater in this study than the AAOS data. The AAOS data reported greater motion for extension, left and right lateral flexion, and left and right rotation. with only extension not being statistically significant. Additionally, females had greater range of motion than males and held their head in greater extension for the neutral position Younger subjects had greater range of motion and less extension for the neutral position than older subjects. From a clinical perspective, it is apparent that individuals sixty years of age and older have different cervical range of motions than the present standards.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-83
Number of pages19
JournalPhysical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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