Cervical cancer screening compliance among active duty service members in the US military

Julia Seay, Rayna K. Matsuno, Ben Porter, Karen Tannenbaum, Steven Warner, Natalie Wells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Previous research suggests active duty service members (ADSM) experience higher rates of human papilloma virus infection and cervical dysplasia, which puts them at greater risk for cervical cancer. The current study examined crude rates and correlates of cervical cancer screening compliance in 2003–2015 among screening-eligible ADSM in the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS). Data were drawn from the MCS, Defense Manpower Data Center, and Military Health System Data Repository. Screening eligibility and compliance were calculated each year and initial analyses examined crude rates of compliance. Generalized estimating equations were calculated to determine whether sociodemographic, military, and mental/behavioral health covariates were associated with cervical cancer screening compliance. A majority of participants were 21–29 years old (79.4%), non-Hispanic White (60.6%), and enlisted (82.2%). Crude rates of cervical cancer screening compliance increased from 2003 (61.2%) to 2010 (83.1%), and then declined from 2010 to 2015 (59.8%). Older ADSM and those who had a history of deployment had lower odds of screening compliance. ADSM in the Air Force and those in healthcare occupations had higher odds of screening compliance. Study findings suggest that cervical cancer screening compliance is declining among ADSM. Interventions to improve screening should target groups with lower screening compliance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101746
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
StatePublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Active duty
  • Cervical cancer
  • Compliance
  • Pap smear
  • Screening
  • Service members

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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