Cerebrovascular Correlates of Dementia in Community-Dwelling Older Adults Living in Rural Communities – The Three Villages Study. Rationale and Protocol of a Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study

Oscar H. Del Brutto, Robertino M. Mera, Victor J. Del Brutto, Aldo F. Costa, Bettsy Y. Recalde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Despite the assumption that dementia is increasing in rural areas of Latin America, there is no information on the burden and risk factors leading to dementia in these settings. Aims: To assess prevalence and incidence of dementia, and its cerebrovascular correlates in an established cohort of community-dwelling older adults living in rural Ecuador, and to explore the impact of dementia on functional disability and the role of the social determinants of health in the above-mentioned relationships. Design: Population-based, cohort study with cross-sectional and longitudinal components. Baseline clinical interviews will focus on the assessment of cognitive performance and dementia by means of the clinical dementia rating scale (CDRS). Functional disability and social determinants of health will be correlated with CDRS scores. In addition, participants will undergo interviews and procedures to assess cardiovascular risk factors and signatures of brain damage, cerebral small vessel disease, and other stroke subtypes. The CDRS and the Functional Activities Questionnaire will be administered every year to assess the rate of incident dementia and the severity of functional disability. Neuroimaging studies will be repeated at the end of the study (5 years) to assess the impact of newly appeared cerebral and vascular lesions on cognitive decline. Comment: This study will allow determine whether cerebrovascular diseases are in the path of dementia development in these rural settings. This may prove cost-effective for the development of preventive strategies aimed to control modifiable factors and reduce disability in patients with dementia living in underserved populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104656
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • cerebral small vessel disease
  • cerebrovascular disorders
  • cognitive decline
  • cohort study
  • Dementia
  • functional ability
  • rural settings
  • social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cerebrovascular Correlates of Dementia in Community-Dwelling Older Adults Living in Rural Communities – The Three Villages Study. Rationale and Protocol of a Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this