Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis due to a novel species: Report of a case and review of the literature

Olayemi O. Osiyemi, Lorraine M. Dowdy, Stephen M. Mallon, Timothy Cleary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis is a rare disease caused by dematiaceous (darkly pigmented) fungi. Cladophialophora species are highly neurotropic, and Cladophialophora bantiana (synonym=Xylohypha bantiana or C. trichoides) is the most commonly identified agent. Most reported cases of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis have occurred in immunocompetent patients; however, some case reports and experimental data have suggested that cellular immune deficiency is a risk factor. We report a case of pulmonary and cerebral phaeohyphomycosis in a cardiac transplant patient due to a newly identified species of Cladophialophora. Optimal management includes both antifungal therapy and surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1343-1346
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation
Volume71
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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