The expression of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) and its receptors has been demonstrated in peripheral tissues as well as CNS. Recently, the functional splice variant SV1 of GHRH receptor was identified in various human cancers and cancer cell lines. Although antineoplastic activity of GHRH antagonists has been clearly demonstrated, the mechanism of action is incompletely understood. The objective of this study was the investigation of direct anti-proliferative effect of GHRH antagonist MZ-5-156 on HEC-1A human endometrial cancer cell line and the elucidation of underlying mechanisms. RT-PCR revealed the expression of mRNA for GHRH and SV1 of GHRH receptor in HEC-1A cells. MZ-5-156, at concentrations between 10-7 and 10-5 M, had a dose-dependent antiproliferative effect on HEC-1A cells, as determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)- 2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium, (MTS) assay. Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometric analysis indicated that MZ-5-156, at 10-6 M, induced apoptosis in HEC-1A cells after 48 h of treatment. Western blot analysis of apoptosis-related proteins demonstrated that treatment with MZ-5-156 (10-6 M) for 48 h significantly increased the protein levels of Fas, phospho-p53 (Ser46), p53AIP1 (p53-regulated Apoptosis-Inducing Protein 1), and caspase-8, -9, and -3, and decreased the protein level of Bcl-2. These results demonstrate that MZ-5-156 can directly inhibit the proliferation of human endometrial cancer cells, which express mRNA for GHRH and SV1 of GHRH receptor, presumably through the induction of p53-dependent apoptosis coupled with the up-regulation of Fas, phospho-p53 (Ser46), p53AIP1, and caspase-8, -9, and -3, and the down-regulation of Bcl-2.
- Endometrial cancer
- Growth hormone-releasing hormone antagonist
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research