Overexpression of B7 and intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on syngeneic cells triggered MHC-unrestricted lysis by MHC-restricted CD8+ CTL without TCR/CD3 engagement. Both CD28/B7 and IFA-1/ICAM-1 interactions were required for MHC-nonrestricted cytotoxicity. Cytotoxicity was measured in 4-h and 16- to 18-h cytotoxicity assays. B7-ICAM-1 overexpression triggered perforin- and Fas ligand-mediated lysis, while TNF-α was not elicited in MHC-unrestricted cytotoxicity. These results suggest that target cells may elicit MHC-unrestricted lysis from CTL through up-regulation of membrane adherence and costimulatory receptors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Nov 15 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy